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7.1.14 Helper functions for UDP connections

The UDP helper functions abstract away UDP connection handling from the other examples. It is required to build the examples using UDP.

/* This example code is placed in the public domain. */

#include <config.h>

#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/socket.h>
#include <arpa/inet.h>
#include <netinet/in.h>
#include <unistd.h>

/* udp.c */
int udp_connect(void);
void udp_close(int sd);

/* Connects to the peer and returns a socket
 * descriptor.
extern int udp_connect(void)
        const char *PORT = "5557";
        const char *SERVER = "";
        int err, sd, optval;
        struct sockaddr_in sa;

        /* connects to server
        sd = socket(AF_INET, SOCK_DGRAM, 0);

        memset(&sa, '\0', sizeof(sa));
        sa.sin_family = AF_INET;
        sa.sin_port = htons(atoi(PORT));
        inet_pton(AF_INET, SERVER, &sa.sin_addr);

#if defined(IP_DONTFRAG)
        optval = 1;
        setsockopt(sd, IPPROTO_IP, IP_DONTFRAG,
                   (const void *) &optval, sizeof(optval));
#elif defined(IP_MTU_DISCOVER)
        optval = IP_PMTUDISC_DO;
        setsockopt(sd, IPPROTO_IP, IP_MTU_DISCOVER,
                   (const void *) &optval, sizeof(optval));

        err = connect(sd, (struct sockaddr *) &sa, sizeof(sa));
        if (err < 0) {
                fprintf(stderr, "Connect error\n");

        return sd;

/* closes the given socket descriptor.
extern void udp_close(int sd)