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7.1.11 Legacy client example with X.509 certificate support

For applications that need to maintain compatibility with the GnuTLS 3.1.x library, this client example is identical to Simple client example with X.509 certificate support but utilizes APIs that were available in GnuTLS 3.1.4.

/* This example code is placed in the public domain. */

#ifdef HAVE_CONFIG_H
#include <config.h>
#endif

#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <assert.h>
#include <gnutls/gnutls.h>
#include <gnutls/x509.h>
#include "examples.h"

/* A very basic TLS client, with X.509 authentication and server certificate
 * verification utilizing the GnuTLS 3.1.x API. 
 * Note that error recovery is minimal for simplicity.
 */

#define CHECK(x) assert((x)>=0)

#define MAX_BUF 1024
#define CAFILE "/etc/ssl/certs/ca-certificates.crt"
#define MSG "GET / HTTP/1.0\r\n\r\n"

extern int tcp_connect(void);
extern void tcp_close(int sd);
static int _verify_certificate_callback(gnutls_session_t session);

int main(void)
{
        int ret, sd, ii;
        gnutls_session_t session;
        char buffer[MAX_BUF + 1];
        gnutls_certificate_credentials_t xcred;

        if (gnutls_check_version("3.1.4") == NULL) {
                fprintf(stderr, "GnuTLS 3.1.4 or later is required for this example\n");
                exit(1);
        }

        CHECK(gnutls_global_init());

        /* X509 stuff */
        CHECK(gnutls_certificate_allocate_credentials(&xcred));

        /* sets the trusted cas file
         */
        CHECK(gnutls_certificate_set_x509_trust_file(xcred, CAFILE,
                                                     GNUTLS_X509_FMT_PEM));
        gnutls_certificate_set_verify_function(xcred,
                                               _verify_certificate_callback);

        /* If client holds a certificate it can be set using the following:
         *
         gnutls_certificate_set_x509_key_file (xcred, 
         "cert.pem", "key.pem", 
         GNUTLS_X509_FMT_PEM); 
         */

        /* Initialize TLS session 
         */
        CHECK(gnutls_init(&session, GNUTLS_CLIENT));

        gnutls_session_set_ptr(session, (void *) "my_host_name");

        gnutls_server_name_set(session, GNUTLS_NAME_DNS, "my_host_name",
                               strlen("my_host_name"));

        /* use default priorities */
        CHECK(gnutls_set_default_priority(session));
#if 0
	/* if more fine-graned control is required */
        ret = gnutls_priority_set_direct(session, 
                                         "NORMAL", &err);
        if (ret < 0) {
                if (ret == GNUTLS_E_INVALID_REQUEST) {
                        fprintf(stderr, "Syntax error at: %s\n", err);
                }
                exit(1);
        }
#endif

        /* put the x509 credentials to the current session
         */
        CHECK(gnutls_credentials_set(session, GNUTLS_CRD_CERTIFICATE, xcred));

        /* connect to the peer
         */
        sd = tcp_connect();

        gnutls_transport_set_int(session, sd);
        gnutls_handshake_set_timeout(session,
                                     GNUTLS_DEFAULT_HANDSHAKE_TIMEOUT);

        /* Perform the TLS handshake
         */
        do {
                ret = gnutls_handshake(session);
        }
        while (ret < 0 && gnutls_error_is_fatal(ret) == 0);

        if (ret < 0) {
                fprintf(stderr, "*** Handshake failed\n");
                gnutls_perror(ret);
                goto end;
        } else {
                char *desc;

                desc = gnutls_session_get_desc(session);
                printf("- Session info: %s\n", desc);
                gnutls_free(desc);
        }

        CHECK(gnutls_record_send(session, MSG, strlen(MSG)));

        ret = gnutls_record_recv(session, buffer, MAX_BUF);
        if (ret == 0) {
                printf("- Peer has closed the TLS connection\n");
                goto end;
        } else if (ret < 0 && gnutls_error_is_fatal(ret) == 0) {
                fprintf(stderr, "*** Warning: %s\n", gnutls_strerror(ret));
        } else if (ret < 0) {
                fprintf(stderr, "*** Error: %s\n", gnutls_strerror(ret));
                goto end;
        }

        if (ret > 0) {
                printf("- Received %d bytes: ", ret);
                for (ii = 0; ii < ret; ii++) {
                        fputc(buffer[ii], stdout);
                }
                fputs("\n", stdout);
        }

        CHECK(gnutls_bye(session, GNUTLS_SHUT_RDWR));

      end:

        tcp_close(sd);

        gnutls_deinit(session);

        gnutls_certificate_free_credentials(xcred);

        gnutls_global_deinit();

        return 0;
}

/* This function will verify the peer's certificate, and check
 * if the hostname matches, as well as the activation, expiration dates.
 */
static int _verify_certificate_callback(gnutls_session_t session)
{
        unsigned int status;
        int type;
        const char *hostname;
        gnutls_datum_t out;

        /* read hostname */
        hostname = gnutls_session_get_ptr(session);

        /* This verification function uses the trusted CAs in the credentials
         * structure. So you must have installed one or more CA certificates.
         */

        CHECK(gnutls_certificate_verify_peers3(session, hostname,
					       &status));

        type = gnutls_certificate_type_get(session);

        CHECK(gnutls_certificate_verification_status_print(status, type,
                                                           &out, 0));

        printf("%s", out.data);

        gnutls_free(out.data);

        if (status != 0)        /* Certificate is not trusted */
                return GNUTLS_E_CERTIFICATE_ERROR;

        /* notify gnutls to continue handshake normally */
        return 0;
}

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