Next: , Previous: , Up: More advanced client and servers   [Contents][Index]


7.3.7 Client example using the C++ API

The following client is a simple example of a client client utilizing the GnuTLS C++ API.

#include <config.h>
#include <iostream>
#include <stdexcept>
#include <gnutls/gnutls.h>
#include <gnutls/gnutlsxx.h>
#include <cstring> /* for strlen */

/* A very basic TLS client, with anonymous authentication.
 * written by Eduardo Villanueva Che.
 */

#define MAX_BUF 1024
#define SA struct sockaddr

#define CAFILE "ca.pem"
#define MSG "GET / HTTP/1.0\r\n\r\n"

extern "C"
{
    int tcp_connect(void);
    void tcp_close(int sd);
}


int main(void)
{
    int sd = -1;
    gnutls_global_init();

    try
    {

        /* Allow connections to servers that have OpenPGP keys as well.
         */
        gnutls::client_session session;

        /* X509 stuff */
        gnutls::certificate_credentials credentials;


        /* sets the trusted cas file
         */
        credentials.set_x509_trust_file(CAFILE, GNUTLS_X509_FMT_PEM);
        /* put the x509 credentials to the current session
         */
        session.set_credentials(credentials);

        /* Use default priorities */
        session.set_priority ("NORMAL", NULL);

        /* connect to the peer
         */
        sd = tcp_connect();
        session.set_transport_ptr((gnutls_transport_ptr_t) (ptrdiff_t)sd);

        /* Perform the TLS handshake
         */
        int ret = session.handshake();
        if (ret < 0)
        {
            throw std::runtime_error("Handshake failed");
        }
        else
        {
            std::cout << "- Handshake was completed" << std::endl;
        }

        session.send(MSG, strlen(MSG));
        char buffer[MAX_BUF + 1];
        ret = session.recv(buffer, MAX_BUF);
        if (ret == 0)
        {
            throw std::runtime_error("Peer has closed the TLS connection");
        }
        else if (ret < 0)
        {
            throw std::runtime_error(gnutls_strerror(ret));
        }

        std::cout << "- Received " << ret << " bytes:" << std::endl;
        std::cout.write(buffer, ret);
        std::cout << std::endl;

        session.bye(GNUTLS_SHUT_RDWR);
    }
    catch (std::exception &ex)
    {
        std::cerr << "Exception caught: " << ex.what() << std::endl;
    }

    if (sd != -1)
        tcp_close(sd);

    gnutls_global_deinit();

    return 0;
}